Enterprise-architecture, strategy, or just about everything, really: they all depend on discipline and rigour – disciplined thinking, disciplined sensemaking and decision-making.
But what happens when that discipline is lost? What are the ‘sins’ that can cause that discipline to be lost? How can we know that it’s been lost? And what can we do to recover?
This is part of a brief series on metadiscipline for sensemaking via the ‘swamp-metaphor‘, and on ‘seven sins of dubious discipline’ – common errors that can cause sensemaking-discipline to fail or falter:
- Seven sins of dubious discipline – introduction to the series
- Sin #1: The Hype Hubris
- Sin #2: The Golden-Age Game
- Sin #3: The Newage Nuisance
- Sin #4: The Meaning Mistake
- Sin #5: The Possession Problem
- Sin #6: The Reality Risk
- Sin #7: Lost In The Learning Labyrinth
- Seven sins – a worked-example
And this time it’s Sin #7, the laborious lapses of getting Lost In The Learning Labyrinth:
Often this one doesn’t come so much from misuse of the sensemaking-modes, but from mistakes in the skills-learning process – and all of these mistakes are illustrated well in the labyrinth-model described in the post ‘Round the bend‘. The problem here is that although there’s only one path, and that path may seem straightforward enough at first, it’s still all too easy to get lost in the labyrinth…
Back in the ‘Round the bend‘ post, we’d seen that we start out at circuit 3, Control – the first stage of training, in fact, despite the implications of its name. It then gets worse for quite a while once we make the turn outward to circuit 2, Self, and outward again to what is often the worst part of learning a skill, ‘on the outer’ in circuit 1, Survival. The same pattern repeats further in: after the double-jump inward from Survival, to circuit 4, Caring, to circuit 7, Meditation, it moves back outward again to circuits 6 and 5, Mind and Communication, before arriving, almost without warning, at the centre-point, or Mastery. Hence it may likewise seem hard to let go from the sense of quiet certainty at the end of circuit 7, Meditation, and move on ‘outward’ to circuit 6, Mind; or, for that matter, to keep going at all when we hit ‘the dark night of the soul’ – classically, the day before the skills-exam – at the end of the outermost circuit, Survival.
One of the classic Newage Nuisance mistakes happens right at the start of the learning-process – mistaking ‘Beginner’s luck‘ for real mastery. If we look at the labyrinth layout, though, we’ll see that this is just the first of three places where anyone on the path will seem to be very close to the centre. The other two are at the start of circuit 4, Caring, and of circuit 7, Meditation – which, in their guise as ‘the path of Heart‘ and ‘the path of Spirit‘ respectively, are likewise classic sources for New Age-style delusions of ‘instant mastery’. Fact is that there’s only one path through the labyrinth – and we can’t skip any of it if we want to achieve real mastery of a skill.
Try tracing the path with your fingertips, from the opening at Beginner’s-Luck to the end at Mastery. Notice how hard it is to stay on track; notice also the sheer centrifugal force that seems to want to hurl you out of the labyrinth at that bleak ‘moment of despair‘, at the end of the Survival circuit, when you realise that you’re not only further out than everyone else in the skill, but worse than when you first started. If you do give up at that point, you’re likely to lose everything that you’ve learned; but if you can make it round that curve, through the ‘dark night of the soul‘, you’ll never lose it – it’s that close.
(Though notice too that from sheer relief you’ll be more prone there to the second of the New Age-style mistakes, the delusion that that early part of circuit 4, Caring – the start of the ‘path of heart’ – is the centre. Watch out, because there’s still a long way to go…)
Another confusion is that ‘the dark night of the soul’ is the only place in the whole labyrinth where we walk shoulder-to-shoulder with someone else on another circuit who’s going the same way. (The other side of that match is the short-lived exuberance of Beginner’s-Luck, which just makes the agony of the ‘dark night’ even worse…) Everywhere else in the labyrinth, people going the same way on adjacent circuits will always seem to be going in opposite directions. Which provides plenty of opportunity for error in the skills-learning process, especially when learning in parallel with others…
And although working on one’s own can be lonely, the labyrinth shows there are some subtle problems from working in groups. Collaboration is important during the later interpretation phase, to build a ‘hologram’ of the results by viewing the results from many different perspectives. But in the exploratory stage of fieldwork or architecture-development, there can be a real problem of mutual interference from clashing expectations, and from the Possession Problem‘s all-too-natural tendency to ‘help’ others by insisting “what you’re doing is wrong – you must do it this way!” Not a sin as such, but something of which to be wary.
A final trap is that the whole process is recursive: we’re each traversing not just one labyrinth, but a near-infinite number of them, all intersecting with each other, layers within layers, all at the same time. The moment we hit Mastery at one level may well be the same moment that we hit the despair of the ‘dark night’ on another – and vice versa, of course. There’s no avoiding this: we can only win if we commit to the game, and the only escape-route would cause us to lose the lot.
So despite the roller-coaster ride, the wild twists and turns, the labyrinth shows there’s just one simple way to improve the skill, and the quality of the work. To stay un-lost in the learning-labyrinth, all we have to do is to keep going, keep going, one step at a time.
Mapping to ‘swamp-metaphor’ disciplines
And in turn cross-mapped to the SCAN framework for sensemaking and decision-making:
From the ‘Round the bend‘ post, we also have the crossmap from the SCAN domains to skills-learning levels or roles:
Which we can also crossmap further to the classic ‘incompetence to competence’ sequence:
As shown the diagram above, the classic sequence uses the term ‘incompetence’ to describe lesser capability and/or ability to work without supervision. This can be somewhat misleading: there’s a crucial difference between non-competence – a lack of ability – versus incompetence – pretending to have an ability that one does not in fact have. (See the post ‘Competence, non-competence and incompetence‘ for more detail on this.) Non-competence is not a ‘sin’, in the sense that we’re using the term ‘sin’ here: it’s just a capability-concern that we’re working on in the respective skills-development. Incompetence, however, most definitely is a ‘sin’ – most likely driven by the Possession Problem, the Newage Nuisance or the Meaning Mistake.
Finally, we can also crossmap from there to the sequence of steps and circuits in the skills-learning labyrinth – which also illustrates the literally labyrinthine twists and turns of that sequence:
And throughout all of this, we also have to maintain the right balance of the Reality Risk – because the whole core of developing a skill consists of tricking ourselves into doing something that, at present, we do not have the competence or confidence to do.
A few quick glances at the crossmaps above, and the various other descriptions in the previous posts in this series, should make it clear that the whole skills-learning process is rife with opportunities to fall into any and all of the other ‘sins’ – perhaps especially the Newage Nuisance, the Meaning Mistake and the Possession Problem, as mentioned earlier above.
The other challenge here is to keep aware and (self)-honest about our actual skills and capabilities at each point. We need to use the ‘good’ side of the Reality Risk to keep pushing ourselves onward: yet if we get the balance wrong, and/or our assessment of our abilities too far wrong, we also risk either falling into ‘illusory superiority‘ (the Dunning-Kreuger Effect) on one side, or the Impostor Syndrome on the other – each of which are skills-related ‘sins’ in their own right.
Learning new skills demands discipline in every sense – including discipline in the sensemaking / decision-making / action loop that underpins the learning-process. The ‘sins’ are always there – the ‘sins of dubious discipline’ – and likewise the risks that arise from them: it’s our job to keep them at bay as best we can.
That’s about all that needs to be said, really.
— the condition of Lost In The Learning Labyrinth arises from:
- failure to understand and accept the process of learning new skills
- over- or under-valuing our skills and competence at any point
- whilst learning new skills, falling into any of the other ‘sins’ – the Hype Hubris, the Golden-Age Game, the Newage Nuisance, the Meaning Mistake, the Possession Problem and the Reality Risk
— to resolve and mitigate the condition of Lost In The Learning Labyrinth:
- use the labyrinth as a study-guide to pre-empt potential problems, and act on any issues accordingly
- continually cross-check against each of the other ‘sins’, and mitigate accordingly
Anyway, let’s leave those concerns about getting Lost In The Learning Labyrinth at that for now – and move on to wrap up this series on ‘sins of dubious discipline’.
(Note: This series is adapted in part from my 2008 book The Disciplines of Dowsing, co-authored with archaeographer Liz Poraj-Wilczynska.)